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Today is World Day Against Human Trafficking


word day against human trafficking, do something to helpThere are about 13,000 victims of modern slavery in Britain.

Human trafficking is the movement of a person from one place to another into conditions of exploitation, using deception, coercion, the abuse of power or the abuse of someone’s vulnerability.

It is possible to be a victim of trafficking even if your consent has been given to being moved.

And although human trafficking often involves an international cross-border element, it is also possible to be a victim of human trafficking within your own country.

There are three main elements of human trafficking:

The movement – recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of people;

The control – threat, use of force, coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, abuse of power or vulnerability, or the giving of payments or benefits to a person in control of the victim; and

The purpose – exploitation of a person, which includes prostitution and other sexual exploitation, forced labour, slavery or similar practices, and the removal of organs.

Children cannot give consent to being moved, therefore the coercion or deception elements do not have to be present.

Countries throughout Europe translate and interpret the Palermo Protocol in different ways so the definition of what constitutes human trafficking can differ between nations.

The UK Human Trafficking Centre (UKHTC) plays a central role in the UK’s National Crime Agency”s fight against serious and organised crime.

The UKHTC is part of the Organised Crime Command in the National Crime Agency (NCA). It works in a coordinated way within the UK and internationally to combat human trafficking and involves a wide range of partners and stakeholders.

The aim is to protect the public, target the traffickers and reduce the harm caused by human trafficking.

The UKHTC’s partners include police forces, the Home Office and other government departments, the UK Border Force, the Gangmasters Licensing Authority, international agencies, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and many charitable and voluntary expert groups.

The international police organisation INTERPOL is also assisting law enforcement around the globe combat this modern-day slavery.

With every region of the world affected by trafficking, either as source, transit or destination countries, INTERPOL is assists its 190 member countries identify and dismantle the organised crime networks which make billions in profits from this illicit trade in human beings.

“Men, women and children from around the world are trafficked every day, either forced or tricked into servitude and deprived of their most basic human rights,” the head of INTERPOL, Secretary General Juergen Stock, said.

“We have a collective responsibility to identify these victims, to ensure their voices are heard and that they receive the support and protection they need to rebuild their lives, and bring those responsible to justice.”

But while victims may be trafficked for a number of reasons – for sexual exploitation, forced labour or their organs – one consistent aspect is the abuse of their inherent vulnerability.

And 70 per cent of human trafficking victims are female.

Up to 13,000 victims of modern slavery in Britain are forced to work in factories and farms, sold for sex in brothels or kept in domestic servitude, among other forms of slavery, according to the Home Office. Most come from Albania, Nigeria, Vietnam and Romania.

The global industry is estimated to generate $150 billion a year in profits for those who exploit modern-day slaves.

How to report human trafficking:

In the first instance the point of contact for all human trafficking crimes should be your local police force: call 101.

If you have information about human trafficking or have urgent information that requires an immediate response dial 999.

If you have information that could lead to the identification, discovery and recovery of victims in the UK, you can also contact the charity Crimestoppers anonymously on 0800 555 111.

It needs to be stopped.

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